Black Bees – Types and Information
The black bees can actually come from different families. Actually, the black color identifies the male sex for some types. For example, the male carpenter bee is black. But, of course, there are others as well.
We have the European dark bee, which body is usually colored in a dark color, but the fur around its head is light yellow or brown. The European bees vary in three main races – the mellifera, which consists of brown bees, the lehzeni, where the heathland bees are, and the nigra, which is the common race for black bees. This type in particular has heavily dark pigmented wings, which actually differs the black bees from all other dark types.
Another type also exist – the German black bee – also known as the black honeybee. This type was thought to be extinct in some countries – like Britain. However, they were “refound” back in 2012 and can still be seen both in Britain and all over Europe. These types of bees are know for their frequent migration and this is the main reason why people have thought that they were gone forever.
Nevertheless, we all know what will happen if both black bees and bees in general go extinct – our population would probably not live more than three to five years. They are helping us out with many things, especially with the pollination of fruits, vegetables and flowers. We all know that bees are not aggressive, same goes for the “dark” types. Their color might be different, but their character is exactly the same. They are hard-working pollinators and help us daily.
However, if you do find an aggressive black bee, you must know a few things first. Usually the carpenter bees would sting you. The black bumble bees have a quite different stinger, unique to the other types, and are rather harmless, because they use it for different reasons and will very rarely decide to sting a person. Their only weapon is their bite, and if you are not allergic to bee bites, absolutely nothing will happen to you. There is no difference between a carpenter bee bite and a bite from any other bee, to be honest. There is no need to freak out more, just because the insect which just bit you is black, not yellow-ish. The pain is just for a while, and it may swell a bit. Allergic reactions are also possible if your body does not respond well towards bee venom.
There are a few remedies against a carpenter bee sting. If you do not have an allergic reaction, there is no need to pay a visit to the hospital for an injection. You can simply dip a cotton in vinegar and massage the bitten area. It may sting a bit, but the pain will be soon gone. This is the treatment I would use, however, I am allergic to bee and wasp venom and I must immediately go to the hospital. If you do not know about an allergy, I suggest you to examine your body for a few moments – watch for swelling, rashes and inflammation. These are the three most commonly met reactions. Some can get even more dangerous if not treated immediately.
If you can see the stinger in your skin, you can easily remove it. You can do it by using tweezers, or if you do not have a pair, you can also use a credit card or card in general, made from a harder material. Gently scrape the stinger a few times until it starts coming out. Afterwards you can simply remove it with your fingers. After this procedure, wash the stung area with cold water and you can also apply neosporin for disinfection.
Last, but not least, is the fact, that this type of bees in particular actually have an enemy – the black bee-eater. It’s a small black bird with a scarlet chin and throat, which feeds off of mostly black bees. However, the habitat of this bird is mostly the African areas, where there are no European black bees and others. This is the enemy of the carpenter bees, mostly. Of course, it feeds off other insects as well, but this is its “favorite dish”. It is known for these birds to migrate and they have also been found around the south parts of Europe as well, in search for the black bees.